Performance of DVM-program execution (March, 2002)

Performance of program execution always was very important factor, mainly determining the success and spreading of programming languages intended for development of computing programs.

For DVM-programs the performance of program execution is principal question as the programs at startup should be customized dynamically (without recompilation) on a number of and performance of the processors, selected for their execution. To estimate the performance of DVM-programs appropriate versions of NAS tests (NPB 2.3) were developed.

These tests well reflect a nature of computing tasks of various classes, except for the tasks with irregular grids. The brief characteristics of tests are given below, and their sizes in lines for three versions of each program - the sequential version, the MPI-version and the DVM-version are presented.

Test

Test characteristics

SEQ

MPI

DVM

MPI/
SEQ

DVM/SEQ

BT

3D Navier-Stokes Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) approximate factorization

3929

5744

3991

1.46

1.02

CG

Estimation of the largest eigenvalue of a symmetric positive definite sparse matrix

1108

1793

1118

1.62

1.01

EP

Generation   of pairs of Gaussian random deviates

 641

 670

 649

1.04

1.01

FT

FFT-based 3D spectral method

1500

2352

1605

1.57

1.07

IS

Parallel sorting

 925

1218

1067

1.32

1.17

LU

Navier-Stokes 3D Symmetric Successive Over-Relaxation (SSOR) method

4189

5497

4269

1.31

1.02

MG

3D scalar Poisson equation Multigrid method

1898

2857

2131

1.50

1.12

SP

Navier-Stokes 3D
Beam-Warning
approximate factorization

361

5020

3630

1.49

1.08

S

.

17551

25151

18460

1.43

1.05

SEQ Ц serial code
MPI Ц parallel code in Fortran77 + MPI or C (IS) + MPI
DVM - parallel code in FORTRAN-DVM or C-DVM (IS)

For each test the ratio of execution time of its MPI-version to execution time of the DVM-version on MVS-1000m are given below.

Note. In the table there are no results of comparison for tests IS and MG on 512 processors as one could not run the MPI-version of these tests.

Certainly, comparison on NPB 2.3 test is no quite lawful - they are written at very high professional level and are the object of steadfast attention of many experts. At development of real parallel programs, as a rule, reaching of high performance requires multiple changes of the program for search of the best scheme of its parallelization. Success of such search is determined by a simplicity of modification of the program. Moreover it is difficult for applied programmer to realize many frequently used methods of parallezation as effectively as they are realized by programming systems. Therefore on real programs the MPI-approach very frequently is lost on efficiency to the DVM-approach.

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